J.D. (UCLA, 1978) (Member, UCLA Law Review)
M.A., Comparative Literature (UCLA, 1973)
B.A., English Language and Literature (Penn State, 1971)
B.A., Russian Language and Literature (Penn State, 1971)
Employment Arbitration Skills (Pepperdine University School of Law, Straus Institute for Dispute Resolution, 2005), 18 hours.
Arbitrator I Workshop – Fundamentals of the Arbitration Process: Introduction to Case Management Techniques (American Arbitration Association, 2007), 11 hours.
AAA Arbitration Awards: Safeguarding, Deciding & Writing Awards (American Arbitration Association, 2009), 3.7 hours.
Sixth Annual Arbitration Training Institute: A Comprehensive Training in Commercial Arbitration (American Bar Association Section of Alternative Dispute Resolution, 2011), 21 hours.
International Commercial Arbitration Training Program (Chartered Institute of Arbitrators 2011), 13.75 hours.
AAA/ICDR Neutrals Conference (AAA 2012), 8.5 hours.